Quarry Farm Roman Villa

This site is one of the northernmost villas in the Roman Empire; a number have now been discovered along the Tees Valley in an area where they were not previously known. The site was found by aerial photography in the 1970’s and partially excavated before the area was developed, the main building foundations have been preserved.

The villa complex had several phases, and comprised a winged main building, and at least three stone buildings, including a huge aisled barn and caldarium (heated room). The villa was probably built for a local noble or a retired Roman soldier from one of the local garrisons. It was the centre of a farming estate in much the same way as 18th and 19th century country houses.